The HIV virus is one of the greatest risks associated with active sex life. Even though knowledge about HIV is increasing, the number of people infected with HIV continues to rise. Every year, in Poland and around the world the number of HIV infections is increasing. It is important to remember that untreated HIV infection leads to death.
HIV infection is most commonly transmitted through sexual contact. Every kind of sexual contact (vaginal, anal, oral) without the use of condoms involves the risk of infection.
Act preventively – you can avoid HIV infection by taking PrEP.
The risk of HIV infection exists during blood or blood products transfusions as well as organ or tissues transplants, but all donors are precisely tested to avoid this risk. Additionally, HIV may be transmitted through the use of non-sterilized equipment during invasive medical or cosmetic procedures. Intravenous drug users may also become infected with HIV through the use of shared and/or non-sterilized needles or nasal tubes for inhaled drugs.
HIV can also be transmitted from an HIV-positive mother to her child. This can happen during fetal life, delivery or breastfeeding.
It is a combination of antiretroviral medicines, which eliminate the HIV before it settles in the organism. Taking PrEP can significantly reduce the risk of HIV infection.
According to the recommendations of the Polish AIDS Scientific Society (Polskie Towarzystwo Naukowe AIDS), PrEP should be used in adults who have a higher risk of acquiring HIV infection.
Your risk is increased when you have sexual contact with a HIV-positive person or a person with unknown serological status, especially if condoms are not used consistently. The risk of becoming infected with HIV also increases with the intravenous use of drugs.
The risk of HIV infection may increase if: