The HIV virus is one of the greatest threats associated with active sex life. The level of knowledge of specialists and society is increasing, but the number of people infected with HIV is constantly growing. In the world and in Poland more and more HIV infections are recorded every year. One must remember that an untreated HIV infection leads to death.
The most common way of HIV infection is sexual contact. Regardless of the type of sexual contact (anal, vaginal, oral), not using a condom is associated with the risk of infection.
Act prophylactically - you can avoid the risk of HIV infection by taking PrEP
The risk of HIV infection exists during transfusions of blood and blood products, transplantation of organs and tissues, or use of non-sterile equipment during medical and cosmetological procedures that interrupt the continuity of the epidermis. Special attention should also be paid to the use of non-sterile syringes by intravenous drug users.
The last group of situations with a risk of HIV infection is the transmission of the virus from mother to child. This concerns both fetal life, birth and breastfeeding by the mother infected with the virus.
It is the use of antiretroviral drugs, which eliminate the virus before it can get embedded in the body. Prophylactic use of drugs can significantly reduce the risk of HIV infection.
According to the recommendations of the Polish AIDS Scientific Society, PrEP should be used in adults with an increased risk of acquiring HIV infection.
The risk is increased if you have risky sexual contact with an HIV-infected person or a person of unknown serological status who does not consistently use condoms or if you use drugs intravenously.
The risk of HIV infection may increase if: