PEP

Last rescue from HIV

PEP - post-exposure prophylaxis

Contact with the blood, semen or other biological material of HIV infected person does not have to lead to HIV infection. An early post-exposure procedure (PEP) can protect you from infection.

What is PEP?

Post-exposure prophylaxis that prevents HIV, HBV, HCV infections when potentially acquired as a result of sexual, professional and reliable exposure.

When should PEP start?

It is best to start PEP within the first 24 hours after risky situation (first 4 hours are crucial according to scienticif opinions). The medicines must be taken within 72 hours of exposure. Every hour, after the first 24 hours since a risky situation reduces the medicines effectiveness.

It is a set of procedures and tests performed to determine if there was a risk, what kind of risk it was and with what diseases this risk could have been associated. Depending on the answers to there questions the doctore decides if it will be necessary to administer PEP medicines. The PEP treatment may include medicines to prevent HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases and/or vaccinations - for example against hepatitis B (HBV).

What to do after risky situation?

You should contact the medical facility specialized in post-exposure procedures as soon as possible.

Book now
When is the contact risky?
What to do after a risky contact?
1
Clean mucous membranes of infectious material

For example, rinse your mouth, wash your penis, rinse your vagina and anus. Be careful not to damage the mucous membranes.

2
Talk to your partner

Ask about his/her current tests and risks related to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

3
If your partner is infected, ask for current results

It is best for the decision to include prevention to be made by a doctor who has access to the test results of the infected person.

4
Report to your doctor / medical facility

Contact a specialized facility that may decide to include drugs related to post-exposure HIV prevention. To avoid this potential risk, a decision is made to implement PEP prophylaxis.

The sooner, the better

Usually the risk of transmission of diseases associated with sexual intercourse is mutual, so it is best to make an appointment for a joint tests as soon as possible after the risky situation.

Do it together

Usually tests for HIV and other sexually related diseases, even if they were negative, have been performed earlier and therefore it is necessary to make an appointment with the person who was the source of the risk.

You can prevent this

Successful treatment of HIV infection significantly reduces the risk of transmitting the infection to another person during sexual intercourse, but when there is a risk, you need to be sure of it

Find out if you were exposed

Sexual exposure

When the risk occurs?
The risk occurs when the mucosa comes into contact with potentially infectious biological material (from a person about whose serological status we are not sure or from a person we know is HIV-positive but we have no knowledge about her/his antiretroviral treatment)
Who is exposed?
Any person who is sexually active.
Infectious material

Semen

Blood

Rectal discharge

Vaginal discharge

Professional exposure

When the risk occurs?
The risk occurs when damaged skin or mucosa are exposed to potentially infectious material while performing professional duties. This is considered an accident at work.
Who is exposed?
Medical personnel at all levels, laboratory staff, police, municipal police, medical and non-medical prison workers, cleaning staff etc.
Infectious material

Blood

Serum

Plasma

Pleural fluid

Vaginal discharge

Synovial fluid

Purulent discharge

Semen

Peritoneal fluid

Non infectious material saliva, urine, faeces without blood

Title

Title
Content
Title
Content
Infectious material

Blood

Serum

Plasma

Pleural fluid

Vaginal discharge

Synovial fluid

Purulent discharge

Semen

Peritoneal fluid

Professional and non-professional exposures, called accidental exposures (accidental needle puncture, sexual assault etc.) are handled in specialized public medical facilities. In these cases the National Health Fund (NFZ – Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia) covers the costs of health care and PEP medicines for people having Polish state insurance.

In other cases (not related to professional duties or accident) a person voluntary exposed to the risk of sexually transmitted infection can also receive care in public facility, but she/he has to cover the cost of this care and medicines by her/himself.

Designed and developed by   Jalappeno software house   | Smart Life Clinic © 2021