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SEXUAL HEALTH

Enjoy a healthy sex life

A successful sex life should be safe for everyone involved. Learn about risky sexual contact, the possible consequences and how to deal with these consequences.

What is sexual health?

We can look at sexual health from many different perspectives. Firstly, from a psychological perspective, sex life is a complement to a satisfying emotional life. Secondly, from a biological perspective (andrological/urological for men and gynaecological/endocrinological for women), which is connected to sexual performance, fertility and libido. Thirdly, medically speaking a healthy sex life is one free of sexually transmitted diseases. To have satisfying sex life you have to take care of yourself from all three of these perspectives.

At Smart Life Clinic we offer professional advice on the prophylaxis, monitoring and treatment of sexual transmitted infections. Our experts are here to help you!

In which situation sexual contact is risky?

Anal sex

When does risk occur?
Research shows that anal sex is the most risky type of sexual contact. According to statistics, most people who have anal sex are heterosexual. It is important to remember that the risk of becoming infected with a sexual transmitted infections through anal sex affects people of all genders and sexual orientations.
Most common infections
  • HIV
  • HCV
  • HBV
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia

Oral sex

When does risk occur?
Contrary to popular opinion, oral sex is not risk-free. You can become infected with sexually transmitted diseases during oral sex. Researches proved that HIV may be present in pre-ejaculate. Even though the concentration of HIV is lower in pre-ejaculate than in semen, it still can be the source of infection. Of course the risk is much higher when oral contact involves sperm ejaculation into the mouth. Saliva is not an infectious material, so being caressed by an infected person does not carry the risk of HIV infection. Oral sex performed on an HIV-positive woman is risky only in when it involves contact with her blood, large amount of vaginal discharge or massive damage to your lips and/or mouth.
Most common infections
  • HIV
  • HCV
  • HBV
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia

Vaginal sex

When does risk occur?
Vaginal sex also carries the risk of sexually transmitted infections. The risk is higher for women than for a man, due to the large area of mucosa exposed to potentially infected biological material. The risk for men and women increases if vaginal sex occurs during menstruation.
Most common infections
  • HIV
  • HCV
  • HBV
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia

Act responsibly

Using a condom during any form of sexual contact provides the fullest - but not complete - protection against sexually transmitted diseases. This includes oral sex, which should also be always performed using a condom. When intact and used properly, condom fully provides full protection only against HIV, HCV and HBV infection.

Bacterial infections can be transmitted via the hands through touching.

Types of sexual contacts and risks associated with them

KissingOral sexAnal sexVaginal sexContact with bloodMutual masturbation
Bacterial infections
Gonorrhoea
Syphilis
Non-gonorrheal genitourinary tract infection caused by different bacteria chlamydia trachomatis
Chlamydia trachomatis
Viral infections
Herpes virus infection type 1 or 2
Human Papillomavirus Virus (HPV)
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
Hepatitis A Virus (HCA)
HIV - human immunodeficiency virus
HHV-8
Parasitic infections
Scabies
Pediculosus Pubis
Enterobiosis
Diseases caused by protoza
Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas Vaginalis)
Fungal infections
Genital and anal candidiasis

Key

sytuacja ryzykowna (ocena na podstawie piśmiennictwa medycznego)

sytuacja raczej ryzykowna (brak jednoznacznych danych w piśmiennictwie, ocena wynika z logicznej analizy)

ryzyko w przypadku obecności w ustach nasienia osoby zakażonej HIV i nieleczonej. Ślina nie jest materiałem zakaźnym dla HIV

raczej brak ryzyka (brak jednoznacznych danych w piśmiennictwie, ocena wynika z logicznej analizy)

Treating sexual transmitted infections

Most sexually transmitted bacterial infections can be treated with proper antibiotic therapy. However, more and more often we hear about medicine-resistant bacteria.

Vaccines are available for HPV – human papillomavirus, HBV – hepatitis B and HAV – hepatitis A. We encourage prophylactic vaccinations, which offer protection against unpleasant and dangerous diseases.

Offer

Your free of STI sexual life depends on

Prophylaxis
Regular testing
Proper treatment
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